Minor League Transactions (MLB)

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Minor League players are generally under contract to a Major League Club and are assigned to play for a Minor League Club

  1. that the Major League Club owns or
  2. that has a Player Development Contract with the Major League Club.

Major League Clubs may freely assign their Minor League players among their affiliated Minor League Clubs, subject to certain league age and service requirements.

References to “players” apply only to Minor League players.[1]

Contents

Active List

The roster of players eligible to participate in a game:

For Class AAA and AA Clubs, the Active List is 24 players from opening day through the 30th day of the championship season and from August 10 through the end of the championship season, and is 23 players from the 31st day of the championship season until August 10;

for Class A Clubs, the Active List is 25 players from opening day through the end of the championship season;

for Short-Season A Clubs, the Active List is 30 players, only 25 of whom may be in uniform and eligible to play in a given game, from opening day through the end of the championship season;

for Rookie Clubs, the Active List is 35 players, only 30 of whom may be in uniform and eligible to play in a given game, from opening day through the end of the championship season.[2]

Championship Season

The regular season of games, not including any post-season playoffs.[3]

Contract Voided

A player’s contract is terminated under provisions described in the contract. A player whose contract is voided becomes a free agent and may sign with any Club.[4]

Disabled List

An injured Minor League Player may be placed on this list during the championship season only. A player on the Disabled List must remain there for a minimum period of seven days before the player can be reinstated to the Active List. A player on the Disabled List does not count against a Club’s Active List limits, but does count against a Club’s Reserve List limits.[5]

Disqualified List

A player who violates a player contract or reservation may be placed on this list. There is no minimum number of days the player must remain on the Disqualified List before the player can be reinstated to the Active List.

A player on the Disqualified List does not count against a Club’s Active List limits or its Reserve List limits.[6]

Emergency Disabled List

An injured Minor League Player may be placed on this list during the championship season only. A player on the Emergency Disabled List must remain on the list for a minimum period of 60 days or until the end of the championship season (whichever is earlier) before the player can be reinstated to the Active List.

A player on the Emergency Disabled List does not count against a Club’s Active List limits or its Reserve List limits.[7]

Free Agent

A Minor League player is a free agent, able to sign with any Club, when the term of the player’s Minor League contract has expired. If the player has not re-signed with the same Club, the player becomes a Minor League free agent on October 15 at 5:00 p.m. (ET).[8]

Ineligible List

A player found to have committed misconduct may be placed on this list. There is no minimum number of days the player must remain on the Ineligible List before the player can be reinstated to the Active List.

A player on the Ineligible List does not count against a Club’s Active List limits or its Reserve List limits.[9]

Loan

A Minor League player’s contract may be loaned from one organization to another, so long as the new Club is also under the jurisdiction of the Commissioner of Baseball.

The Assignor Club retains contractual rights to the player. The player must be returned to the assignor Club at the end of the championship season.

Loans of players are most commonly made to Mexican League Clubs.[10]

Outright Assignment

A player who is traded from one Major League organization to another is assigned outright. The assignor Club transfers all contractual rights regarding the player to the assignee Club.[11]

Rehabilitation Assignment

A Minor League Player on either the Disabled List or Emergency Disabled List may be sent to a Short-Season A or Rookie classification Minor League Club to play on a rehabilitation assignment, while the player remains on the Disabled List or Emergency Disabled List of the player’s original Club.

A rehabilitation assignment may not exceed 20 days for non-pitchers or 30 days for pitchers. A player on a Minor League rehabilitation assignment does not count against the Active List or Reserve List limits of the Club for which the player is playing on the rehabilitation assignment.[12]

Release

A player’s contract is terminated and the player becomes a free agent.[13]

Reserve List

The roster of players eligible for placement on the Active List: For Class AAA, the Reserve List limit is 38 players; For Class AA, the Reserve List limit is 37 players; and For Class A, Short-Season and Rookie, the Reserve List limit is 35 players.[14]

Restricted List

A player who fails to report or fails to sign a contract with the Club to which the player is reserved may be placed on the Restricted List. There is no minimum number of days the player must remain on the Restricted List before the player can be reinstated to the Active List.

A player on the Restricted List does not count against a Club’s Active List limits or its Reserve List limits.[15]

Return

The act of moving a loaned player’s contract back to the Minor League Club that loaned the player. All players who have been loaned must be returned no later than September 30.[16]

Selected Rule 5

A player selected in the Class AAA or Class AA phase of the Rule 5 draft, which is conducted in December each year, is assigned from one Major League organization to another. The selecting Club pays a set price to the player’s former Club for the right to the player’s contract.[17]

Suspended List

A player may be placed on the Suspended List for misconduct or rule or contract violations. There is no minimum amount of days the player must be on the Suspended List before the player can be reinstated to the Active List.

A player on the Suspended List does not count against a Club’s Active List limits, but the player does count against its Reserve List limits.[18]

Temporarily Inactive List

A player with an excused absence to perform personal obligations is placed on this list. The player must be on the Temporarily Inactive List for a minimum of three days before the player can be reinstated to the Active List.

A player on the Temporarily Inactive List does not count against a Club’s Active List limits, but does count against its Reserve List limits.[19]

Transfer

Minor League Player is moved from one Minor League Club to another within the same Major League organization. Voluntary Retired: A player who wishes to retire is placed on this list. The player may not be reinstated until the player has missed 60 playing days of the championship season.[20]

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